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Preventing Hypoglycaemia And Hyperglycaemia

Date: 18 May 2009

Signs and symptoms of hypoglycaemia (very low blood sugar) :

  • Cold sweat
  • Trembling
  • Hunger
  • Tiredness
  • Behaviour changes (irritable, impatient, confused)
  • Your heart beats very fast

Causes of hypoglycaemia :

  • Too much insulin or tablets
  • Too little food or too little carbohydrate
  • Delayed meal
  • Too much exercise or exercise on empty stomach
  • Too much alcohol on empty stomach

Be prepared for hypoglycaemic emergencies :

  • Have some glucose tablets or a drink of fruit juice/beverage immediately when you experience any sign or symptom. Always carry some glucose tablets or sweets in your pocket or handbag
  • Wear a Medic Alert identification

Preventing hypoglycaemia :

  • Maintain good control of your diabetes
  • Regular home monitoring of your blood glucose
  • Have regular meals - if your meal is going to be delayed, eat some cracker biscuits
  • Have a light meal or drink before exercise

Signs and symptoms of hyperglycaemia (dangerously high blood sugar) :

  • Extreme thirst
  • Sudden hunger
  • Frequent passing of urine, especially at night
  • Unusual tiredness
  • Blurred vision
  • Vomiting and stomach pains
  • Deep, rapid breathing that smells sweet and "fruity"

Causes of hyperglycaemia :

  • Skipping or insufficient insulin
  • Overeating
  • Forgot to exercise
  • Illness

Be prepared for hyperglycaemic emergencies :

  • Take additional insulin: refer to your doctor
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Go to the hospital as soon as possible
  • Wear a Medic Alert identification 

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